Legionella pneumonia
    
Share |
 
  

Diseasereference.net - Comprehensive articles covering over 1,700 topics. The articles are organized by the disease, condition overview, symptoms, treatment, and prevention.


Drugs search, click the first letter of a drug name:
A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z | 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 8 | 9

Terms search, click the first letter of a term name:
A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z

Online medical services

Medical dictionary Med-Terms.net is a searchable dictionary of medical terms from medicine and related fields. Search for medical terms with our medical dictionary.

Drugs & Medications Search our drug database for comprehensive prescription and patient information on 24,000 drugs online. Drugspedia.net - The Internet Drug Index for prescription drugs and medications.

PMS blog Premenstrual syndrome (PMS), PMS headache


Blue waffles disease, blog. Blue waffle infection, blue waffle disease pictures.

  

 

Disease Reference

Click on the first letter in the disease name:

| 4 | 5 | A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z



     

Legionella pneumonia

Definition

Legionnaire's disease is an acute respiratory infection caused by the bacteria Legionella pneumophila.

Alternative Names

Legionella pneumonia; Pontiac fever

Causes

The bacteria that cause Legionnaire's disease have been found in water delivery systems and can survive in the warm, moist, air conditioning systems of large buildings, including hospitals.

Spread of the bacteria between humans has not been proven.

Most infection occurs in middle-aged or older people, although it has been reported in children. Typically, the disease is less severe in children.

Risk factors include:

  • Cigarette smoking
  • Underlying diseases such as renal failure, diabetes, or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
  • Medicines that suppress the immune system, including chemotherapy and steroid medications
  • Diseases that affect the immune system, including cancer
  • Alcoholism
  • Older age
  • Long-term use of a breathing machine (ventilator)

Symptoms

Symptoms tend to get worse during the first 4 to 6 days. They typically improve in another 4 to 5 days.

Symptoms may include:

  • Muscle aches and stiffness
  • Joint pain
  • Loss of energy
  • General discomfort, uneasiness, or ill feeling (malaise)
  • Headache
  • Fever
  • Shaking chills
  • Nonproductive cough
  • Coughing of blood
  • Shortness of breath
  • Chest pain
  • Diarrhea
  • Ataxia (lack of coordination)

Exams and Tests

The health care provider will perform a physical exam. The doctor may hear abnormal sounds called crackles when listening to the chest with a stethoscope.

Tests that may be done include:

  • Urine tests to check for bacteria
  • Chest x-ray
  • Arterial blood gas
  • CBC, including white blood cell count
  • Erythrocyte sedimentation rate
  • Liver function tests
  • Sputum direct fluorescent antibody test

Treatment

Antibiotics are used to fight the infection. Treatment is started as soon as Legionnaire's disease is suspected, without waiting for confirmation by lab test.

Antibiotics commonly used to treat this condition include:

  • Quinolones (ciprofloxacin, levofloxacin, moxifloxacin, or gatifloxacin)
  • Macrolides (azithromycin, clarithromycin, or erythromycin)

Other treatments may include:

  • Fluid and electrolyte replacement
  • Oxygen (given through a mask or breathing machine)

Outlook (Prognosis)

Legionairre's disease can lead to death. The death rate increases in those with underlying diseases. The death rate for patients who develop Legionnaire's disease while in the hospital is close to 50%, especially when antibiotics are started late.

Possible Complications

  • Lung failure
  • Death

When to Contact a Medical Professional

Make an appointment with your doctor if you have any type of breathing problem.

Prevention

Treating contaminated water delivery systems can prevent the spread of disease.

Email to a Friend


Your Name:

Friend's Email:



More about Legionella pneumonia - Drugs.com
   Legionella pneumonia
Lyme disease - early disseminated
Chronic Lyme disease
Inadequate luteal phase
Lupus glomerular disease
Lupus anticoagulants
Lung disease
Cancer - lung
Cancer - lung - small cell
Cancer - lung - non-small cell



 
  
Medical dictionary | Natural mosquito repellents | Dust mites pictures | Prescription Drug Information | new 401k rules | Hyperkeratosis pilaris treatment
© Copyright by Diseasereference.net 2006-2007. All rights reserved