Lymphoma - mediastinal
    
Share |
 
  

Diseasereference.net - Comprehensive articles covering over 1,700 topics. The articles are organized by the disease, condition overview, symptoms, treatment, and prevention.


Drugs search, click the first letter of a drug name:
A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z | 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 8 | 9

Terms search, click the first letter of a term name:
A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z

Online medical services

Medical dictionary Med-Terms.net is a searchable dictionary of medical terms from medicine and related fields. Search for medical terms with our medical dictionary.

Drugs & Medications Search our drug database for comprehensive prescription and patient information on 24,000 drugs online. Drugspedia.net - The Internet Drug Index for prescription drugs and medications.

PMS blog Premenstrual syndrome (PMS), PMS headache


Blue waffles disease, blog. Blue waffle infection, blue waffle disease pictures.

  

 

Disease Reference

Click on the first letter in the disease name:

| 4 | 5 | A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z



     

Lymphoma - mediastinal

Definition

Mediastinal tumors form in the area that separates the lungs. This area contains the heart, large blood vessels, trachea (windpipe), thymus gland, and connective tissues.

Alternative Names

Thymoma - mediastinal; Lymphoma - mediastinal

Causes

The mediastinum is the part of the chest between the sternum and the spinal column. It contains the esophagus, trachea, heart, and other important structures. The mediastinum is divided into three sections:

  • The anterior (front)
  • The middle
  • The posterior (back)

Overall, mediastinal tumors are rare.

The most common location for tumors within the mediastinum varies according to the age of the patient. In children, tumors are more common in the posterior mediastinum. These often begin in the nerves and are often benign.

In contrast, most mediastinal tumors in adults occur in the anterior mediastinum and are usually malignant (cancerous) lymphomas or thymomas. These occur most commonly in people aged 30-50.

Symptoms

Almost half of mediastinal tumors cause no symptoms and are discovered on a chest x-ray performed for another reason. When present, symptoms are related to compression of local structures and may include:

  • Cough
  • Shortness of breath
  • Chest pain
  • Fever
  • Chills
  • Night sweats
  • Coughing up blood (hemoptysis)
  • Hoarseness

Exams and Tests

Mediastinal tumors are first suspected during history and physical examination which may reveal:

  • Fever
  • Unintentional weight loss
  • Lymphadenopathy (swollen or tender lymph nodes)
  • Wheezing
  • Stridor

Further diagnostic evaluation typically includes:

  • Chest x-ray
  • CT scan of the chest
  • MRI of the chest
  • CT-guided needle biopsy
  • Mediastinoscopy with biopsy

Treatment

Treatment for mediastinal tumors varies based on the type of tumor.

  • For thymic cancers, surgery is the primary treatment of choice followed by radiation or chemotherapy, depending on the stage of the tumor and the success of the surgery.
  • For lymphomas, chemotherapy followed by radiation is the treatment of choice.
  • For neurogenic tumors of the posterior mediastinum, surgery is the treatment of choice.

Outlook (Prognosis)

Prognosis varies based on the type of tumor. Different tumors have varying responses to chemotherapy and radiation.

Possible Complications

Complications of mediastinal tumors include invasion of surrounding structures such as the heart, pericardium (the lining around the heart), and great vessels (the aorta and vena cava). Spinal cord compression is a complication seen in tumors of the posterior mediastinum. Radiation, surgery, and chemotherapy can all have serious complications.

When to Contact a Medical Professional

Call your health care provider if you notice symptoms of a mediastinal tumor.

Email to a Friend


Your Name:

Friend's Email:



More about Lymphoma - mediastinal - Drugs.com
   Lymphoma - mediastinal
Herpangina
Little stroke
Lues
Osteomyelitis
NEC
Nocardia infection
NBP
Neuropathy - ulnar nerve
Listeriosis



 
  
Medical dictionary | Natural mosquito repellents | Dust mites pictures | Prescription Drug Information | new 401k rules | Hyperkeratosis pilaris treatment
© Copyright by Diseasereference.net 2006-2007. All rights reserved