Chronic Lyme disease  
 
  

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Chronic Lyme disease

Definition

Chronic persistent Lyme disease is a late stage of an inflammatory disease caused by the bacterium Borrelia burgdorferi, which is transmitted by the bite of a deer tick.

Alternative Names

Tertiary Lyme disease; Stage 3 Lyme disease; Late persistent Lyme disease; Chronic Lyme disease

Causes

Tertiary Lyme disease occurs months to years after the initial infection (see Lyme disease for more information). Symptoms include skin, neurological, and musculoskeletal problems.

Symptoms

Additional symptoms that may be associated with this disease:

  • numbness and tingling
  • consciousness, decreased
  • confusion
  • abnormal sensitivity to light

Exams and Tests

  • An ELISA shows antibodies to Borrelia burgdorferi. A Western blot test is done to confirm ELISA results.
  • A spinal tap will be abnormal if central nervous signs are present.

Treatment

The objective of treatment is to eliminate the infection with antibiotic therapy. A high dose of penicillin or ceftriaxone is usually required in the late stages of the disease to treat the infection.

Outlook (Prognosis)

Symptoms of arthritis may fail to resolve with treatment. Other symptoms should improve with treatment.

Possible Complications

  • continued arthritis

When to Contact a Medical Professional

Call your health care provider if symptoms develop -- particularly if you have had Lyme disease before, or live or travel in high-risk areas.

Prevention

Early diagnosis and appropriate antibiotic treatment for primary Lyme disease is the most effective way to prevent tertiary Lyme disease.




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