Metastatic pleural tumor
    
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Metastatic pleural tumor

Definition

Metastatic pleural tumors are a type of cancer that has spread from another organ to the space surrounding the lungs.

Alternative Names

Tumor - metastatic pleural

Causes

Cancer cells can be transported by the blood and lymph systems to other organs in the body, where they can produce new growths or tumors. Almost any cancer can spread to the lungs, and metastases (spread of cancer cells to other parts of the body) are found in 20-40% of patients dying of cancer.

Metastatic pleural tumors usually cause a pleural effusion (collection of fluid in the pleural space), which is often bloody. Patients who have previously had cancer are at risk for developing metastatic pleural tumors if the cancer was not successfully controlled with treatment. The incidence is 5 out of 10,000 people.

Symptoms

  • Shortness of breath during activity
  • Chest pain
  • General discomfort, uneasiness, or ill feeling (malaise)
  • Weight loss
  • Cough

Exams and Tests

  • Chest x-ray
  • CT scan of the chest
  • Open pleural biopsy
  • Pleural needle biopsy

Treatment

Pleural tumors usually cannot be surgically removed. The primary cancer should be treated. Chemotherapy and radiation therapy may be appropriate treatment choices depending upon the type of primary cancer.

Support Groups

The stress of illness can often be helped by joining a support group where members share common experiences and problems. See cancer - support group and lung disease - support group.

Outlook (Prognosis)

The 5-year survival rate (number of people who live for more than 5 years after diagnosis) is less than 25% for people with metastatic pleural tumors.

Possible Complications

  • Side effects of chemotherapy and radiation therapy
  • Continued spread of cancer

When to Contact a Medical Professional

Call your health care provider if you experience symptoms of this disorder.

Prevention

Early detection and treatment of primary cancers may prevent metastatic pleural tumors in some individuals.

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